Rules & Regulations
Residential Refuse & Recycling Collection
Permitting and Operation
The Board of Health of the Town of Oxford, MA, acting under the authority of M.G.L. c. 111, Sections 31,
31A, 31B, 122, 143, and 150A and 310 CMR Section 19.000 et. seq., establishes and adopts the following
revised regulations concerning the management and disposal of residential solid waste in the Town of
Oxford (the “Regulations”). The Regulations are hereby approved and adopted by the Oxford Board of
Health at its meeting of ____________________2017 and so remain until modified or amended by the
The Regulations supersede the “Rules & Regulations for Residential Refuse Collection Licensing and
Operation” of the Board of Health dated as received by the Town Clerk’s office on November 17, 1987
The purpose of the Regulations is to protect the public health and the environment by uniformly
establishing minimum requirements for the systematic collection of Refuse and Recyclables to promote
waste reduction, promote recycling, and comply with State mandated waste bans (310 CMR 19.017).
In addition to the definitions included in 310 CMR 19.006 (“Solid Waste Management”), as may
be amended from time to time, the following definitions shall apply to the Regulations. When
used in the Regulations or in communications, notices, orders, or other references relative
thereto, the following words and phrases shall have the meanings ascribed to them below and
shall apply in the interpretation and enforcement of the Regulations.
Board means the Board of Health of the Town of Oxford, Massachusetts.
Dumpster means a large exterior solid waste receptacle made of steel or other sturdy materials
designed to hold at least 100 gallons of solid waste and be emptied into garbage trucks or
carried away by other vehicles.
Temporary Dumpster means a dumpster used for temporary collection of solid wastes such as
those used for construction or demolition wastes for up to 30 consecutive days.
Permanent Dumpster means a dumpster that is not considered a temporary dumpster as
defined under these regulations.
One to Three Family Properties means all inhabited one family residences up to and including all
three family residences under a common roof which are not part of a residential complex or
currently served with solid waste collection through a homeowner’s association, condominium
association, or the like.
Infectious Waste means “Infectious Waste or Physically Dangerous Medical or Biological Waste”
as defined in 105 CMR 480.000.
Leaf and Yard Waste means the deciduous and coniferous seasonal deposition, grass clippings,
garden material and brush, including unwanted house plants and Christmas trees.
Multifamily Properties means four or more dwelling units under one common roof.
Residential Complex means a purposely built group of residences which receive some services
through a means of organization or governance typically in the form of homeowner’s
associations or condominium associations.
Solid Waste Hauler or Hauler means all companies who have applied and obtained appropriate
permit(s) to collect refuse and recyclables within the Town of Oxford.
Town means the Town of Oxford, Massachusetts
Transfer Station means the handling facility where solid waste is brought, stored and transferred
from one vehicle to another or contained for transport off-site to a solid waste treatment,
processing or disposal facility.
2. Solid Waste Collection
All refuse shall be collected curbside from one to three family properties on either a weekly or
bi-weekly basis (every other week) by Solid Waste Haulers utilizing wheeled residential Solid
Waste containers with a capacity up to 6496-gallons that include lids. Solid Waste containers
currently in service at One to Three Family Properties that are larger than 64-gallons capacity
are hereby “grandfathered” but shall be taken out of service at the time of service termination
or at the end of their useful life. Any new service startup or refuse container replacement shall
have a capacity up to 64-gallons. Quarterly summary reports with separate weight slips for all
collected refuse material must shall be submitted by the Solid Waste Hauler to the Board or its
designee. Instances of overflow, odor, and other nuisance problems or complaints shall be
reviewed by the Board or its designee on a case by case basis.
All refuse shall be collected from Multifamily Properties and Residential Complexes on a
frequent basis to prevent overflow, odor, and other nuisance problems or complaints but the
service interval shall not exceed two weeks. Quarterly summary reports with separate weight
slips for all collected refuse material must be submitted by the Solid Waste Hauler to the Board
or its designee. From time to time the Board may require individual weight slips for verification
of summary reports.
All solid waste in the Town shall be disposed of in accordance with 310 CMR19.000: SOLID
WASTE MANAGEMENT REGULATIONS.
3. Recyclable Material Collection
As of the effective date of this permit any One to Three Family property, Multifamily property,
or Residential complex starting up new solid waste service or changing Solid Waste Hauler
shall be provided with recycling collection and disposal service as a bundled package with
refuse collection and disposal service as identified in this section of the Regulations. For
property owners not wishing to accept recycling service, Solid Waste Haulers shall submit a
“Recycling Opt-Out” form to the Board from each property owner not wishing to participate in
recycling. The form shall be furnished by the Board.
All Recyclable Material shall be collected curbside from One to Three Family Properties on either
a weekly or on a bi-weekly basis (every-other week) basis by Solid Waste Haulers utilizing
wheeled recycling containers of at least 96-gallons in size that include lids. Recyclables shall be
collected in the recycling container as known as commingled, mixed recycling, single stream
recycling. Wheeled recycling containers shall be distributed with wheeled refuse containers as a
unit for every one to three family home. The bi-weekly pickup day shall coincide with the day
refuse is collected. Quarterly summary reports with separate weight slips for all collected
recycled materials must shall be submitted by the Solid Waste Hauler to the Board or its
designee. From time to time the Board may require individual weight slips for verification of
summary reports. Instances of overflow, odor, and other nuisance problems or complaints shall
be reviewed by the Board or its designee on a case by case basis.
Recycling collection service shall be provided to all Multifamily and Residential complexes in the
Town by Solid Waste Haulers utilizing dumpsters or other containers approved by the Board. All
recyclable material shall be collected on a frequent basis to prevent overflow, odor, and other
nuisance problems or complaints but the service interval shall not exceed two weeks. Quarterly
summary reports with separate weight slips for all collected recycled materials must shall be
submitted by the Solid Waste Hauler to the Board or its designee. From time to time the Board
may require individual weight slips for verification of summary reports.
The Town has set a minimum recycling rate of 25% by weight for haulers collecting curbside
refuse and recyclablesby 2022*. Failure to meet the minimum recycling rate may result in
permit revocation.Recycling rate goals by year are as follows:
2019 – 10%
2020 – 15%
2021 – 20%
2022 – 25%
*As of the effective date of this permit the existing recycling rate is unknown. The
Board reserves the right to adjust the yearly recycling rate goals after the 2018 recycling rate is
4. Permitting of Solid Waste Haulers
Any Solid Waste Hauler doing business within the Town shall first obtain an annual permit
issued by the Board before collection services can begin. Upon submission of a completed
application form and application fee to the Board, a Solid Waste Hauler Permit may be issued.
Permits shall be issued for a period of not more than one year and shall be renewed annually.
Permits are issued on first day of January. Applications shall be received no later than
At the time of application, the Hauler shall submit to the Board the following information:
a. a proposed schedule of those areas to be collected.
b. a map of the proposed routes.
c. a list of customers serviced by route.
d. a description of the collection vehicle(s) to be used including year, make, model, and
license plate number.
e. a list of hauler at-fault accidents involving trucks registered to the hauler.
f. an OSHA recordable incident log.
e.g. a copy of company safety program.
f.h. a certificate of insurance from an insurance company permitted to do business in the
Commonwealth of Massachusetts, in an amount not less than (amounts subject to
i. General Liability: Bodily injury liability, including death, $2,000,000 per
occurrence, $2,000,000 on account of one accident, and $2,000,000 general
aggregate general liability
ii. Property Damage Liability: $2,000,000 on account of any one accident, and
$2,000,000 in the aggregate.
iii. Contingent coverage for subcontractors on the above two items.
iv. Automobiles and Trucks including Hired Vehicles: Bodily injury liability,
including death; $2,000,000 on account of one person; and $2,000,000 on
account of any one accident
v. Property Damage Liability: $2,000,000.
vi. Excess Umbrella Liability Coverage: $52,000,000
Formatted: Left, Indent: Left: 0.5″, No
bullets or numbering
Formatted: Left, Indent: Left: 0.5″, No
bullets or numbering
g.i. evidence of workers compensation insurance shall be provided in accordance with
Massachusetts General Laws.
Each Hauler permitted under these regulations shall affix a sticker provided by the Town on the
lower portion of the windshield on the driver’s side for each vehicle used for solid waste
collection, transportation, or Disposal within the Town.
The annual fee for each permit issued under these regulations shall be established by the Board
and is subject to change periodically.
The Board may impose additional restrictions on any Hauler permit when it deems necessary.
5. Responsibility of Permitee
Permittees may enter into arrangements for the collection of refuse and recyclables with
individual residents, the municipality, and/or commercial/industrial customers of the Town, in
which the Permittee will be paid directly by the customer.
By issuing said permit, neither the Board of Health nor the Town or its officers, employees,
department and the like assume any responsibility or liability for the actions or inactions of the
Permittee and the Town shall have no liability for payment to the Permittee for any residential
or commercial/industrial collection and disposal work that is not included in a contract duly
executed with the Town in accordance with the laws of the Commonwealth.
As a condition of holding a Solid Waste Hauler Permit, the Permittee shall take all responsibility
for the work and take all reasonable precautions for preventing injuries to persons or damage to
property; shall bear all losses resulting to the Solid Waste hauling company on account of the
quantity or character of the work; shall assume the defense of and indemnify and hold harmless
the Town, its officers, agents and servants from all claims relating to labor and materials
furnished for the work, and for all injuries to any person or corporation received or sustained by
or from the Permittee and employees doing the work, in consequence or any improper
materials, implements or labor used therein; and to any act, omission or neglect by the
Permittee and its employees, contractors or agents to the extent permitted by the laws of the
The Permittee agrees, as a condition of said permit, to indemnify the Town for any liability that
may arise from the improper treatment, storage or disposal of any Solid Waste, Recyclable
Materials or hazardous wastes collected within the Town.
6. Permitting of Permanent Residential Dumpsters
Dumpster PermiteesSolid Waste Haulers mustshall comply with all applicable sections of the
Board’s Dumpster Regulations for the Removal and Transportation of Garbage, Rubbish Offal
and Other Offensive Substances, effective as of January 8, 2002.
No Permanent Dumpster shall be used or kept in the Town after ________________ 2017
unless a Dumpster Permit has been issued by the Board to the owner of the property where the
dumpster is located.
Each Permanent Dumpster Permit issued under these regulations shall run from January 1st to
December 31st of the following year.
The fees for Permanent Dumpster Permits issued under these regulations shall be established by
the Board and is subject to change periodically.
The property owner of each dumpster that is issued a permit under these regulations shall be
responsible for the placement and maintenance of the dumpster. Each dumpster shall be
positioned in a location that does not affect vehicular traffic and is in compliance with
Massachusetts Board of Fire Prevention Regulations. Dumpsters shall not be placed within ten
feet of the Right of Way without prior approval of the Board.
Permanent Dumpsters will not be allowed for properties with three or fewer residential units
unless approved by The the Board.
Multifamily Properties are required to have at least one permanent dumpster.
All dumpsters shall have tight fitting lids and be properly covered at all times except when being
filled, cleaned or emptied, with the exception that temporary dumpsters may be required to be
covered as the Board or its agent deems necessary.
Each dumpster shall be of sufficient size and capacity to contain all accumulated material
without overflowing, and shall be emptied regularly or when full. The property owner of each
dumpster that is issued a permit under these regulations shall be responsible for maintaining
the dumpster area to be free of odors, scattered debris, overflow and all other nuisances, and
any condition that may be considered an attraction for rodents and/or other pests.
When deemed necessary, the Board may require that the area around a dumpster be enclosed
or screened by the property owner where the dumpster is located. The enclosure, if required by
the Board under these regulations, shall comply with relevant State Building Code and Town of
Oxford Zoning Bylaws.
Chronic violators (3 violations within one calendar year) of these provisions shall be required to
fence in dumpster area as directed by the Board.
Dumpster Permitees must comply with the Board’s Dumpster Regulations for the Removal and
Transportation of Garbage, Rubbish Offal and Other Offensive Substances, effective as of
January 8, 2002.
The Hauler shall be required to deliver all Refuse collected within the Town of Oxford to either a
properly licensed Transfer Station, a properly licensed waste to energy incinerator, or other
properly licensed facility .
The Hauler shall be required to deliver all Recyclables collected within the Town of Oxford to a
licensed Recyclables processing facility.
A. Each load shall be weighed by an authorized weighing facility capable of producing
electronic weight tickets.
B. Haulers shall operate on routes approved by the Board.
C. Haulers shall collect solid waste from eligible households provided that the solid
waste is contained in accordance with Sections 2 and 3 of these regulations. The
Solid Waste Hauler may refuse to collect solid waste if it is not properly contained.
The Solid Waste Hauler shall notify its customer for the reason(s) for refusal of
collecting the waste.
D. The Solid Waste Hauler shall take reasonable care in collecting solid waste. Solid
Waste shall not be scattered about the streets or onto private property. Solid
Waste which is accidentally spilled shall be cleaned up by the Solid Waste Hauler
within 24 hours of reporting.
E. The Solid Waste Hauler shall allow agents from the Town to inspect his/her
vehicle(s) and any load if there is due cause of suspicion of any violations of any
applicable law or regulation.
F. All trucks operating under this permitting procedure shall display the permit sticker
provided by the Town of Oxford at all times.
8. Special Wastes
In the course of collecting Solid Waste, Haulers may choose to collect Special Waste. Haulers
shall follow all Massachusetts General Laws and any regulations or codes promulgated
thereunder, including but not limited to 310 CMR 19.061, in the collection and Disposal of such
Special Waste. Haulers are required to submit to the Board of Health records of any Special
Waste collected within the Town and the facility where such waste was taken.
A. The Regulations may be enforced by any Town police officers or agent or designees of the
Town’s Board of Health. Whoever violates any provision of the Regulation may be penalized
by a noncriminal disposition process as provided in G.L. c.40, §21D and the Town’s noncriminal
disposition by-law. If noncriminal disposition is elected, then any person who
violates any provision of the Regulations shall be subject to a penalty in the amount of three
hundred dollars ($300.00) per day for each day of violation, commencing ten days following
the day of receipt of written notice from the Board of Health. Each day or portion thereof
shall constitute a separate offense. If more than one, each condition violated shall
constitute a separate offense.
B. Whoever violates any provision of the Regulations may be penalized by indictment or on
complaint brought in the district court. Except as may be otherwise provided by law and as
the district court may see fit to impose, the maximum penalty for each violation or offense
shall be one thousand dollars ($1,000). Each day or portion thereof shall constitute a
separate offense. If more than one, each condition violated shall constitute a separate
C. The Board of Health may enforce the Regulations or enjoin violations thereof through any
lawful process, and the election of one remedy by the Board of Health shall not preclude
enforcement through any other lawful means.
If any section, paragraph, sentence, clause or phrase of the Regulations is held invalid or
unconstitutional by a court of competent jurisdiction, such portion shall be deemed a separate
and distinct provision and such decision shall not affect the validity of the remaining portions of
these regulations which shall remain in force and effect; and to this end, the provisions of the
Regulations are hereby declared severable.
11. Suspension or Revocation of Permit
Any Solid Waste Hauler permit may be suspended or revoked by the Board upon receipt of
evidence satisfactory to the Board that the permitee has not conformed with the requirements
of the Regulations or such further regulations as may be adopted by the Board.
Any person to whom an order has been served pursuant to the Regulations may request a
hearing before the Board of Health by filing a written petition within 7 days. Upon receipt of
such petition, the Board of Health shall schedule a hearing within 30 days. Anyone aggrieved by
the decision of the Board of Health may seek relief therefrom within a court of competent
13. Effective Date
These revised Regulations shall take effect on _________________ January 1, 20172018, upon
deposit in the Town Clerk’s Office, Town Hall, 325 Main Street, Oxford, MA 01540 in
conformance with approval of the Board of Health on ________________________.
By Order of The Oxford Board of Health
Kerrie Singer, Chairman
Robert BoulayDavid Escobar, Vice Chairman
Member (Currently Vacant)Dina Costa